CBD vs Marijuana in Background Screening

With all the confusion around CBD vs Marijuana, let’s dig a little deeper. In fact, let’s focus on CBD vs Marijuana In Background Screening. But first, let’s first look at what CBD is and what it is not. CBD (Cannabidiol) is a compound found in the cannabis plant, containing little to no THC and does not create a mind-altering state or high. It is often made from the hemp plant, which is not bred to contain high levels of THC. There is some confusion as to whether or not CBD is legal. The FDA approved a purified form of CBD for the treatment of epilepsy in 2018, however, the FDA has posted numerous warnings that it does not approve over the counter CBD products. There are 14 states that have a law specifically allowing CBD to be sold, however, it is heavily regulated.

Marijuana, on the other hand, is legal recreationally in 10 states and medically in 33. Marijuana differs from CBD in that it is bred to have higher levels of THC to produce a mind-altering state or high. It is still illegal under federal law.

CBD will typically not result in a positive drug test. This is because most CBD, again, is derived from the hemp plant which contains low levels of THC. Many states continue to propose bills to legalize marijuana either recreationally and/or medically. These proposals have been used by many state officials as a part of their campaign strategies.

So what does this all mean for your drug testing policy? Marijuana is still considered illegal federally, so the standard five-panel test can still be used. You should make sure to have a clear drug testing policy in place. If you are in a state that has legalized marijuana recreationally or medically, you may want to consider running a four-panel drug test. This test excludes marijuana.

Employers still have the right to enforce a safe work environment and should expect their employees are not under the influence. Any federally regulated industry, such as the Department of Transportation, will not allow employees to test positive for marijuana (or any other of the tested panels) and perform safety-sensitive job functions.

Have questions? Feel free to reach out to our Client Relations Team or check out DATIA.org. One Source is a proud member of the Drug & Alcohol Testing Industry Association (DATIA).

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